Organise your oral presentation
When designing your presentation, make sure your content is well organised. Just like your written assignment, your oral presentation consists of three parts:
Think about what you are going to say to your audience after the usual “Good morning” or “Good evening”. The following are suggestions that can help you come with an effective introduction.
1. Get the attention of your audience. You can do this by:
a) Telling them a story or anecdote related to the topic.
b) Beginning with a quotation related to the topic.
c) Telling a joke.
d) Listing out a series of interesting or shocking facts related to the topic.
2. State your purpose:
a) Tell your audience your topic.
b) Present an oral or visual outline of your presentation, i.e., the main points or ideas you will be covering: You can also show them a visual outline of your presentation with transparencies or PowerPoint.
Think about how you are going to present your points or ideas. With the visual outline above as your guide, you should be able to present your points one by one systematically and in a logical order.
1. Go through the points in the order that you wish to present them.
2. Make use of examples to support your points.
3. Prepare visual aids to present the contents of your topic. Your audience will understand better with visuals. It will also make your presentation much more interesting.
4. Include signposts in your presentation. Signposts are words and phrase that let the audience know where you are and where you are going next:
a) Numericalsignposts: “First …, Second …, Third …, Finally …” - numbering helps your listeners visualise your presentation better.
b) Old-to-newtransitions: An old-to-new transition is a sentence that alerts your audience to where you have been to and where you are going to next in your presentation. Some transitional phrases you can use are, “My next point is …”, “You have just seen …", Now you will see how …”, etc.
Finally, think about how you are going to end your presentation. The conclusion is to let your audience know that you have reached the end of your presentation. The purpose of the conclusion is to leave your listeners with a clear idea of everything that you have spoken about.
1. Use phrases like, “In conclusion, I would like to say …”, “I would like to summarise by stating …”, “To recap what I have just said …”, etc. Write your summary here:
2. Restate the purpose of your presentation by saying, “I hope you can see the purpose of my talk is …”, “My intention is ….”, “I hope that you are aware that … so we have to do something about it…”, etc. Remind your audience the purpose of your talk here:
3. Thank your audience.
4. Invite questions from your audience and do not forget to thank the audience for posing questions.
Source of image: Freepik